Diarrhoea is a common problem in children and is caused by many different protozoa, viruses and bacteria. Diarrhoea lasting less than two weeks is called acute and infective. If it persists after two weeks, it is termed chronic or persistent. When the diarrhoea intensifies, it is called dysentery and the stools are tinged with blood and mucus. This ailment is considered very severe and can result in colicky pains and frequent purging especially in children.
“Diarrhoea is caused by about a 100 different bacteria, protozoa or viruses.”
Causes Of Acute Diarrhoea
The most common cause of diarrhoea is infection of the gut. It can also be caused by many viruses, germs and bacteria. Viruses can easily spread when an infected individual cooks food for others and also from one person to another by close contact. Some of the other non-infectious causes are not usually seen in children. Know more about this debilitating ailment from the experts at Apollo Hospitals.
The common symptoms seen in diarrhoea is fever, headaches, respiratory problems and body pains. The stool is not bloody or filled with pus in diarrhoea but is watery. Diarrhoea is often accompanied by vomiting. Usually diarrhoea stops in a few days and does not cause chronic diarrhoea. The most common cause of worry for those affected with diarrhoea is dehydration as it leads to the loss of excess liquid from the body. It is important to supply the patient with lots of water and drinks to keep them hydrated. And it is recommended to consult a paediatrician if the baby vomits, has blood in the stool, stomach pain, urinates frequently, loses weight and has fever.
If the baby continues to eat healthy and drink lots of liquids, the constant purging is not a cause of concern. Mothers should continue breast feeding and give their kids the usual amounts of milk, formula and food. An effective way of overcoming diarrhoea is by following Oral Rehydration Therapy (ORT) and it is also simple and cheap. This therapy prevents dehydration by supplying liquids by mouth. It is always preferable to follow home remedies instead of resorting to medication for the health of the baby.