Do You Have The Right Posture?
Right posture harmonises the mind and body
Posture is defined as the positional relationship of the regions of the body to each other. It is important we maintain good posture, so that it helps the mind and body to work in harmony. It also helps our body to function smoothly, and to move and use it in the correct way. Therefore, when you have bad posture, you are putting more pressure on yourself.
Posture is the position in which you hold your body upright against gravity while standing, sitting or lying down. Good posture involves training the body to stand, walk, sit, and lie in positions where the least strain is placed on supporting muscles and ligaments. If a bad posture goes unnoticed, the process of wear and tear in the body progresses faster, and the end result will be arthritis of the various joints in the body.
Aside from contributing to a good appearance, the long-term benefits of proper posture include helping to decrease abnormal wearing of joint surfaces, lessening stress on the ligaments of the spine, preventing the spine from becoming fixed in abnormal positions, and preventing backache and muscular pain.
Simple exercises are solutions to improve the posture, and keep aches and pains at bay. Poor posture can lead to loss of shoulder motion, chronic pain, walking deficits, neck-related headaches, the inability to exercise, and more.
Spinal column (backbone): One of the most vital parts of the human body
Spine has a vital role to play in one’s posture. In a normal standing posture, the spine has a particular curvature, wherein the neck and lower back is bent backwards and the mid back and the tailbone are bent forwards.
In the young, an abnormal bad posture may be due to habitual way of leaning forwards or to the sides. Most of the cases have a lateral bending of the entire spine. In such cases, muscle weakness is prominent and it is advised to avoid the wrong habitual way of standing. Muscle weakness may happen after a bout of illness, lack of nutrition or even prolonged inactivity. A child can develop abnormal posture due to faulty school furniture or tight clothing forcing the
Spine problems in adolescents
Actual spine problem resulting in altered posture in young adolescents, particularly girls, is scoliosis. Here the spine gets deformed and is bent to the side. As the child grows, the bend progresses further. An altered or a deformed spine in a growing adolescent person may have a bad impact on the personality and self-confidence, and even more is the cosmetic problem faced by young girls. This condition requires constant supervision at regular intervals. If it is mild to moderate bend, bracing will prevent the progression of deformity. If severe and advanced, it may require correction through surgery.
Scoliosis in middle age
Some people in their middle age may develop scoliosis due to leg length discrepancy, and also by nerve irritation due to slipped disc. Infection in the spine caused by tuberculosis is also one of the causes of such a deformity among Indians.
Osteoporosis common in elderly
Another form of bad posture is forward slouching of the person, and this condition is called kyphosis. It is common in the elderly and is attributed to osteoporosis. In this situation, the bone becomes soft making the spine bend forward. Regular appropriat exercises, adequate consumption of calcium supplements, and good exposure to sunlight, will prevent osteoporosis and help in maintaining bone strength.
Another condition resulting in altered posture among the elderly is the degeneration of spinal bones and discs causing adult scoliosis. In adult scoliosis, bones in the spine either break or become loose, making the spine unstable, leading to spondylolisthesis. People with spondylolisthesis suffer from severe back pain and weakness in the limbs.
Prevention of osteoporosis
- Supporting the back with belts or braces
- Change in lifestyle
- Appropriate exercises
World Spine Day is on the 16th of October. Remember to always treat your spine well with good posture.