Gynecomastia-Male Breast Reduction to Cheer Up Men
Gynecomastia is a benign condition where the male breast glandular tissue swells up, either as a response to excess estrogen or reduced testosterone or due to certain medications. It is a misnomer that estrogen is exclusively a female hormone, which is not the case as men also produce the same but in smaller quantities. Hence, an increase in estrogen levels as compared with the testosterone levels can disrupt the hormonal balance and cause Gynecomastia in men.Though common in infants, pre-teens,teens and older men, Gynecomastia can become a concern after adolescence for identifying severe underlying conditions such as liver cirrhosis, low testosterone levels, overactive thyroid prevalence,genetic abnormality and cancers.
The typical symptom of Gynecomastia is a rubbery and hard feeling on the breasts.This can appear on one or both sides.Breast buds in adolescent boys normally disappear within the first year.
In Infants Babies or infants get Gynecomastia because of their mother’s estrogen. Breast buds are often seen in baby boys, which last for a few weeks but can last for a longer time in some.
More common during puberty, Gynecomastia is said to disappear gradually. In pre-teen boys, it is said to be the result of several cosmetic applications—lotions, tea tree oil, etc. Thebreast buds could also be the result of a tumour that produces estrogen. Among teenagers, Gynecomastia is caused due to hormonal changes during puberty and the breast buds generally fade away within a year or two
Gynecomastia takes prevalence again in male adults, aged usually between 50 and 80 years. At this stage, the overdevelopment of breasts could be the result of other factors such as:
- Liver cirrhosis
- Lung cancer
- An overactive thyroid
- Cancer of the testicles, pituitary glands or adrenal glands
- Heroin, alcohol, marijuana andamphetamines are also potential substances that are said to cause Gynecomastia
Medicines and Gynecomastia
Several medications including steroids, drugs to treat ulcers, epilepsy, heart problems, anti-androgens to treat cancer, antidepressants, drugs for chemotherapy, medications for AIDS and antibiotics, can cause Gynecomastia.
Hormones and Gynecomastia
Certain health conditions that influence hormonal activity and balance can also cause Gynecomastia. These include hypogonadism involving pituitary insufficiency and any such condition that interferes with the normal production of testosterone, ageing (brings hormonal changes especially in overweight men), hyperthyroidism (production of excess thyroxine by the thyroid gland), tumours of the testes and adrenal glands, treatment and medication for kidney failure and liver cirrhosis, and malnutrition wherein the testosterone levels drop.
Gynecomastia generally disappears within two years of puberty in adolescents. It is, however, a concern only when the breast buds do not disappear and cause pain or tenderness.
Two types of surgery—liposuction and mastectomy are popular for correcting overdeveloped breasts in men. Hormonal treatment and withdrawing certain drugs, which may have caused the overdevelopment of breasts are other ways to treat Gynecomastia.