Handling Wounds And Injuries In Diabetes
Handling injuries and wounds, no matter how small these are, becomes very important for people suffering from diabetes to ensure a speedy healing and avoid an infection. Many a disease arise from high levels of glucose in blood in a diabetic state and the recovery from wounds is difficult in such a situation due to nerve damage or diabetic neuropathy, constricted arteries and weakened immune system.
Treating a wound in diabetes
- Do not ignore: Immediately start addressing the injury with first aid measures since longer you ignore, more rapidly the infection will set in.
- Thoroughly clean the wound: Remove the dust particles from the wound after rinsing it under water. Avoid using soap or iodine solution since the same can further irritate the skin at the site. Following this cleaning, apply some antibiotic ointment and cover the wound with a sterile dressing. Change the dressing everyday. You must inspect your wound regularly to detect any signs of infection well in time.
- Consult your doctor: Instead of self-medication or treatment, consult a doctor whose medical prescription and diagnosis can nip the problem in the bud.
- Be extra cautious about foot wounds: In persons suffering from diabetes, body parts below the knees are of particular concern, due to the risk of inflammation which can further hamper the healing process of wounds in feet and ankles. Moreover, restricting mobility in feet is a tough task. The nerve damage can further lead to problems like calluses, etc., going unnoticed till these develop infection. At times, this results in amputation of the infected part as well.
Keep your First-Aid kit ready
Being diabetic calls for a good first-aid kit to handle the everyday wounds like cuts and scrapes before going to a doctor. However, if the wound does not heal within seven days, a visit to the doctor is a must. Following are the things you should keep ready in your first-aid kit:
- A broad spectrum antibiotic cream for applying on the wounds.
- Sterile gauze rolls for covering the lesions.
- A moisturizing lotion to prevent your feet from drying and cracking.
- Normal saline for cleaning wounds.
- Antifungal cream for applying in case of an athlete’s foot or other fungal infections.
- A mirror to check your feet for any calluses or wounds.