Diabetes mellitus is an epidemic that is on the rise around the world without any cure. It is associated with a number of short and long-term complications resulting in devastating illnesses and reduced life expectancy. Retinopathy is a major cause of morbidity in patients with diabetes mellitus. For example, the incidence of blindness is 25 times higher in patients with diabetes than in non-diabetics.
Eighty per cent of patients with diabetes mellitus 2 are obese or overweight. Weight reduction is one of the most efficient ways to get any amount of control over this illness. However, it is difficult to maintain normal blood sugar levels with just the conventional treatments comprising of diet, exercise, oral tablets and insulin. On the other hand, impressive improvement in sugar levels in diabetics undergoing bariatric and metabolic surgery has stimulated interest in surgery as a potential cure for type 2 diabetes.
Research shows that there are intestinal hormones that have a striking effect on the pancreas and insulin secretion, especially in response to food intake. Thus, a laparoscopic operation called Ileal Transposition Operation was devised in order to control diabetes and avoid future diabetic complications. Visit your nearest Apollo clinics centre to know more about the surgery performed, especially at Nova Super Speciality Hospitals.
India has been declared the ‘diabetic capital’ of the world and it is estimated that by the year 2025, it will be home to more than 80 million diabetics with most of them being type 2 diabetics. It is therefore important to spread awareness about the availability of ileal transposition procedure as a cure for diabetes. The procedure should be able to do a lot of good for diabetics, especially in India.
This operation is ideal for surgical cure of diabetes in non-morbidly obese patients also as there is no malabsorption leading to weight loss. Patients can stop all medicines within a few months, at times even within two to four weeks post surgery. Drastic improvements can be seen in their triglycerides, cholesterol levels, kidney function and leg pains proving that it is a successful metabolic surgery. As it is a day surgery, the patients can even leave the same day once the surgery is done without any problems.
Since there is no loss of intestinal length and no diversion of food, there are no long-term side-effects and no nutritional deficiency. The only lifestyle change required is that patients need to consume smaller portions of food at a time to enjoy a disease-free, longer and healthier life.
This metabolic surgery, when combined with sleeve gastrectomy, plays an important role in the treatment of diabetes mellitus 2 in non-morbidly obese patients. This procedure could help patients suffering from type 2 diabetes who are facing serious life-threatening complications.
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