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Posted by on Nov 11, 2014 in blog, Preventive Medicine | 0 comments

Importance of early detection

Importance of early detection

 

Most patients with the common form of diabetes i.e. type 2 diabetes actually have high range of blood glucose levels for many years before they end up being diagnosed with diabetes. This stage is called pre-diabetes wherein your blood glucose levels are higher than normal, though not high enough to qualify as diabetes.

Symptoms

  • Increased fatigue or tiredness
  • Frequent desire to urinate
  • Increased thirst
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Tingling and numbness in the feet
  • Frequent Infections

If the above mentioned symptoms are avoided and the condition prolongs for a long time, it can result in hyperglycaemia or hypoglycaemia.

Hyperglycaemia

It is a condition where the sugar levels in the blood are higher than normal. Initially, when the glucose levels have just started to rise, the symptoms may not be visible at all. Unfortunately, when the sugar levels reach a stage when they begin to manifest symptoms, there can be a stage when the excessive sugar starts to attack the body’s organs. In other words, more the delay in diagnosing, greater would be the damage done.

Symptoms

  • Excessive thirst
  • Increased urination
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Blurring of the eyesight
  • Exhaustion without much explanation
  • Inability to concentrate
  • Headaches
  • Damage of the nerves (in advanced stages)
  • Erectile dysfunction in men
  • Chronic diarrhoea or constipation

Hypoglycaemia

Hypoglycaemia, a state of low blood sugar, usually affects infants and the elderly more severely. However, it can influence people of any age group in case of diabetes. Clinically, diabetic hypoglycaemia is characterised by the blood glucose levels below 70mg/dl and symptoms become more visible at blood glucose below 60 mg/dl. Blood glucose level below 50 mg/dl is dangerous as it can damage the functioning of the brain.

Symptoms

  • Trembling
  • Heart palpitations
  • Sweating and sticky skin
  • Anxiety
  • Hunger pangs

If one still does not seek medical advice, one can slip into diabetic coma. Some other risks could be diabetic neuropathy (nerve damage), kidney disease and kidney failure, stroke and heart disease as a result of damaged vessels.

At Apollo Sugar, we provide end-to-end care and management of diabetes and related complications. We have the best-in-class equipment including EZSCAN, Fundus Camera and Podiascan for non-invasive screening, control and management of diabetes-related complications. To know about screening procedures and early detection, visit Apollo Sugar Clinic.

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