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Posted by on Feb 20, 2015 in blog, Preventive Medicine | 0 comments

Swine flu

Swine flu

 

“Swine flu leads to pneumonia and worsens ailments like asthma and diabetes”

Swine flu, also known as H1N1 virus and pig flu, is fast spreading and very infectious. A lot of cases have been registered lately not only in India but all over the world and it is very important to be informed about this infection. The first case of H1N1 in humans was reported much earlier but it became a pandemic in 2009 affecting America and various parts of the world.

The virus first attacks pigs and is easily transmitted. When humans work in close proximity with the affected pigs, even they tend to get infected. The virus causes respiratory problems and nasal irritability in the animals. Pigs have the strain of influenza and when humans are affected, the virus undergoes mutation and changes into H1N1 which has both pig and human DNA. The virus is not constant but undergoes mutation and depending on this the victim is diagnosed of H1N1, H2N2 or H3N3.

Be aware of the problems caused by swine flu and get yourself tested at your nearest Apollo clinic as a precautionary step.

The causes for the spread of this infection are:

Causes

  • Inhalation of infected air
  • Cough

Symptoms

  • Head ache
  • Respiratory problems
  • Cough
  • Fever
  • Nausea
  • Fatigue
  • Running nose
  • Body pain
  • Sore throat

Just like other flus, swine flu leads to pneumonia and worsens asthma and diabetic conditions. If you experience the above symptoms, contact a doctor immediately.

Who are at risk?

  • Children below 5 years
  • Adults above 65 years
  • Pregnant women
  • Youngsters between 18-25 years
  • People in hospitals or nursing homes
  • Children or adults with weak immune system

Precautions

  • Do not go out if you feel sick
  • If the above symptoms prolong for more than a week, get yourself checked for swine flu
  • Cover your nose and mouth with a mask or a cloth while travelling by public transport
  • Try to stay away from sick people
  • Wash your hands properly with soap and wash your hands frequently throughout the day
  • Carry a hand sanitizer and use it well
  • Try to avoid crowded places
  • Always cover your mouth with a cloth or tissue while sneezing
  • Do not touch your eyes, nose or mouth

Vaccination is available for this infection; however, it is better to take precautions. Antiviral drugs work the best (when taken within two days of symptoms). There are other fever drugs available. Always remember to carry an alcohol based sanitizer as it is more effective in killing virus and bacteria. Prevention is always better than cure so be informed and be safe!

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